How to prepare for your Cervical Screening or Pap Test
Thanks to vaccination and screening, Cervical Cancer should be almost entirely preventable. Vaccination prevents infection with the most common cancer-causing strains of HPV, the virus responsible for almost all cases of cervical cancer. Cervical screening (or Pap test or Pap test or Pap smear as it is known) is a test that detects changes to the cells of the cervix, often caused by prolonged HPV infection, and allows abnormalities to be treated before becoming cancerous. Regular cervical screening is the number one way to prevent cervical cancer.
There are two cervical cancer vaccines Gardasil® and Cervarix® which guard against up to 90% of the HPV infections that can cause cervical cancer as well as other cancers in men and women.