There are three cervical cancer vaccines currently available: Gardasil 9®, Gardasil® and Cervarix®. These guard against up to 90% of the HPV infections that can cause cervical cancer as well as other cancers in men and women. In the UK, only the Gardasil® vaccine is offered in the National HPV vaccination programme.
From September 2019, in England, all girls and boys aged 12 to 13 years will be routinely offered Gardasil HPV vaccination when they’re in school Year 8. It helps protect against cancers caused by HPV, including: cervical cancer, some head and neck cancers and some anal and genital cancers. It also helps protect against HPV types 6 and 11 that cause 90% of genital warts. The second dose is normally offered 6 to 12 months after the first dose (in school Year 8 or Year 9).
It’s important to have both doses to be protected. If you miss the HPV vaccination in school Year 8 you can have the vaccine up to your 25th birthday. HPV vaccination does not protect against other sexual infections eg. chlamydia, and does not prevent pregnancy, so it’s very important to practise safe sex.
Who can have the HPV vaccine through the NHS vaccination programme?
From September 2019, the first dose of the HPV vaccine will be routinely offered to girls and boys aged 12 and 13 in school Year 8. If you miss either of their HPV vaccine doses speak to your school immunisation team or GP surgery and make an appointment to get up-to-date as soon as possible. It’s important to have both doses of the vaccine to be fully protected.
People who start the HPV vaccination after the age of 15 will need 3 doses as they do not respond as well to 2 doses as younger people do. The HPV vaccine works best if girls and boys get it before they come into contact with HPV, which means before they become sexually active.
HPV vaccination for men who have sex with men (MSM)
From April 2018, MSM up to and including the age of 45 can have free HPV vaccination on the NHS if they visit sexual health clinics and HIV clinics in England. Ask the doctor or nurse at the clinic for more details.